In a rapid tempo of life, there is almost always a real possibility of pathogens of various infections’ distribution, both among adults and children.
The most reliable and time-tested means of preventing infectious diseases is immunization. Its purpose is to develop immunity to microbes in the body with the help of specially designed vaccines. The effectiveness of immunization around the world is universally recognized. There is no other health program that would bring such impressive results. Indeed, with the help of a vaccine, it is possible to prevent a significant number of deaths annually. It is possible to save up to 4.5 million human lives every year.
The question of the choice of immunization concerns each of us. The question appears immediately with the new family member. Protecting your children from deadly infections, understanding the importance of vaccination, is the responsibility of every parent.
For January 1, 2004, medicine had 100 vaccines against 40 infections. Hence, every decade brings new achievements in immunization.
Different countries have their own national immunization calendars. In our country, such a calendar has been updated recently and provides mandatory protection of children against 12 infectious diseases:
Vaccination of children is carried out in accordance with the National vaccination calendar. The vaccination calendar is the minimum, so-called, mandatory scheme provided for all children. But besides the mandatory immunizations, there are others – additional ones, which are often no less necessary for the child.
For example, vaccination against a hemophilic bacillus is provided by the vaccination calendar only for children at risk, although this infection is dangerous for any child under 5 years old because it causes meningitis, sepsis, pneumonia.
It is advisable to protect the baby from meningococcal infection (from 1.5 years), hepatitis A (after 1 year), chickenpox (from 12 months), rotavirus (from 6 weeks of life) and other infections. It is especially important to get these vaccinations before starting to visit preschool institutions when preparing for trips abroad.
When planting your children, do not forget about yourself. Not everyone knows that every adult should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years. Every year the flu vaccination should be done. Influenza vaccination is especially indicated for older people, as it reduces morbidity and mortality from a heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, prevents exacerbation of various chronic diseases, etc.
Young women who have not had rubella and chickenpox and have not been vaccinated before should be vaccinated against these diseases in advance (at least 3 months before their desired pregnancy). Indeed, transferred chickenpox or rubella during the entire period of pregnancy can cause severe complications with the development of congenital malformations. Young people who do not have mumps and are not vaccinated against this infection in childhood should also be vaccinated against this infection, which can lead to male infertility.
In addition, in the presence of latent forms, it is advisable to be vaccinated against these hepatitis A and B for all people, regardless of gender and age.
When traveling to endemic areas, you need to be vaccinated in advance against infections characteristic of the area (tick-borne encephalitis, typhoid fever, tularemia, yellow fever, etc.).